Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Learning Vocabulary in Another Language:


© 2010 Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

A Test of Teachers' Knowledge

1 How many word families does an average adult native speaker of English know?
A 150,000
B 100,000
C 50,000
D 20,000
E don't know
2 If learners know the most frequent 2000 words of English, what percentage of running words in an academic text will be known to them?
A 60%
B 80%
C 90%
D 98%
E don't know
3 What is the most important factor in formal measures of readability?
A background knowledge
B vocabulary knowledge
C reading skill in L1
D grammatical knowledge
E don't know
4 The most effective way of beginning to learn the meaning of a word is by
A the use of a picture
B translation into the first language
C a dictionary definition
D seeing a word in context
E don't know
5 How many words does an average learner of English as a foreign language know after five or six years of four 50 minute English classes per week?
A 1,000
B 3,000
C 5,000
D 10,000
E don't know
6 Initially opposites like hot and cold should be learned
A at the same time
B in quick succession
C as part of a bigger lexical set
D at widely separated times
E don't know
7 Complex words like inventiveness and uncontrollably are usually stored in the brain as
A stems and affixes that are combined when needed
B both as whole units and word parts
C complete analyzed words
D complete unanalyzed words
E don't know
8 Learners most often have problems in guessing the meaning of a word in helpful contexts because they
A give too much attention to the form of the word
B do not use their background knowledge of the topic
C do not draw on clues from neighboring sentences or paragraphs
D do not give attention to the immediate context of the word
E don't know
9 In order to have a good chance of guessing the meaning of an unknown word from context clues, what percentage of the running words in the text does the learner need to know?
A 78%
B 80%
C 90%
D 98%
E don't know
10 When learners know the most common 2000 words of English, the words that they have most difficulty with in academic texts in their specialist area are
A general purpose academic words like assume , concept , diverse
B function words like because , although , hence
C proper nouns like Darwin , Menlo Park , Edgebaston
D technical words like anode , impedance , galvonometer
E don't know
11 The "lexical bar" is
A the Graeco-Latin words of English
B the high frequency words of English
C the function words of English
D the discourse markers of English
E don't know
12 Teachers should deal with low frequency words by
A breaking them into prefixes, stems and suffixes
B letting learners guess them from context
C teaching the learners strategies to deal with them
D providing varied and repeated opportunities to give attention to those words
E don't know
13 Which of these most helps vocabulary learning?
A meeting or using the word in a new way
B having its meaning explained
C meeting the word in context
D searching for the word in a dictionary
E don't know
14 Definitions of unknown words are most effective if
A they are short
B they contain plenty of useful detail
C they are written as complete sentences
D they are accompanied by grammatical information E don't know
15 Most learning of vocabulary used in oral communication tasks involves words
A whose meanings are negotiated in the task
B whose meanings are not negotiated in the task
C which are in the written input to the task
D which are not in the written input to the task
E don't know
16 A "book flood" involves
A doing a lot of intensive reading in class
B setting a lot of intensive reading outside class
C replacing a large part of the class work with extensive reading
D encouraging extensive reading outside class time E don't know
17 The "Lexical Frequency Profile" is a way of
A measuring productive vocabulary use
B deciding what will be classified as high frequency words
C comparing the frequency of selected words
D diagrammatically representing vocabulary growth E don't know
18 Quickly providing meanings for unknown words while listening or reading
A has little effect on comprehension of the text
B upsets comprehension of the text
C greatly increases the amount of vocabulary learned
D results in little vocabulary learning
E don't know
19 About what percentage of the low frequency words of English comes from French, Latin or Greek?
A 20%
B 40%
C 60%
D 80%
E don't know
20 How many closely related members does a typical English word family have?
A 3
B 5
C 7
D 9
E don't know
21 During writing activities, learners use dictionaries most often to
A check spelling
B look up the meaning of a word
C see if a word exists
D find out about the grammar of the word
E don't know
22 "Retrieval" involves
A receptive learning
B productive learning
C recalling an item
D recognizing that two given items go together
E don't know
23 The sentence "To be or not to be, that is the question" consists of ten
A tokens
B types
C lemmas
D word families
E don't know
24 A "lemma" is a base word and
A all its derived forms
B all its inflected forms
C all its related forms
D all its inflected forms which are the same part of peech
E don't know
25 An "Academic vocabulary" is made up of words that
A are only used in academic texts
B are only used in a specialised field
C are found in a wide range of academic texts
D are found in a wide range of academic and non-academic texts
E don't know
26 How many chunks of information can be held in short-term memory at any one time?
A one
B about three
C about seven
D about ten
E don't know
27 The General Service List of English Words is a list of
A 30,000 words and their frequencies
B the commonest collocations
C 2,000 high frequency words
D words that can be used to define other words
E don't know
28 To test learners' productive knowledge of vocabulary we must get learners to
A produce words in spoken or written sentences
B produce spoken or written forms from a meaning cue
C produce or recognize spoken or written word forms from a meaning cue
D produce a first language translation of words
E don't know
29 Vocabulary tests using different test formats tend to correlate with each other with a correlation around
A 0.3
B 0.5
C 0.7
D 0.9
E don't know
30 Coxhead's Academic Word List contains
A 492 word families
B 570 word families
C 836 word families
D 1,000 word families
E don't know